Thousands of civilians have fled regime bombardment on rebel-held areas in Syria’s southern province of Deraa since Tuesday, with most moving into other rebel-held areas in the south, according to media reports.
The civilians fleeing Al-Herak and Basr al-Harir were “heading to nearby villages under rebel control not affected by the bombardment near the Jordanian border” to the south.
The fresh offensive further undermines an international “de-escalation” agreement backed by the United States ahead of a threatened offensive.
Government planes dropped leaflets this week over rebel-held parts of Deraa province, comparing the area to the Damascus suburbs of eastern Ghouta and urging its residents to “cooperate” with the armed forces to drive out armed groups.
The government besieged eastern Ghouta before waging a crushing military offensive. Government troops are meanwhile massing, mostly in the nearby Sweida province.
State media said the government is shelling “terrorists'” posts northeast of Deraa, destroying their weapons.
The government turned its attention to the south after capturing the last rebel-held areas around the capital, Damascus, earlier this year.
After a string of military victories against rebels earlier this year near Damascus, the regime has set its sights on retaking rebel-held areas of southern Syria – whether through negotiations or a military operation.
Rebel groups have responded by establishing a joint operations command to coordinate their defence of what the opposition refers to as the “death triangle.”
Rebel factions hold parts of the city and areas to its west and east. The rebels also control areas along the borders with Jordan and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
The US, Russia and Jordan negotiated a truce for the area, which borders Jordan and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, in July of last year. But the calm has started to unravel in recent weeks.
Syrian President Bashar Assad told Iranian TV last week that talks between the Russians, Americans and Israelis are still “ongoing,” but said Iranian presence in the area was not negotiable.
Israel is believed to be seeking an agreement in which Iran and its allied militias would withdraw from the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights area, while the US State Department has said any government assault would “broaden the conflict,” and has threatened “firm and appropriate measures in response.”
Israel has meanwhile carried out strikes against Syrian and Iranian forces in the area in recent months, after repeatedly warning against any Iranian buildup near the occupied Golan Heights.
Iran is a close ally of Assad, and its advisers are embedded with his troops. Iranian-backed armed groups are also believed to be deployed in the area.
Syria’s war has killed more than 350,000 people and displaced millions since it started in 2011 with the brutal repression of anti-regime protests.