A Muslim student at one of France’s top universities has found herself at the centre of a media storm after she appeared in a documentary wearing a headscarf.
Maryam Pougetoux had appeared in the film to talk about student protests in the country, which have been ongoing since April this year.
The student activist is the president of the student union at Paris-Sorbonne IV University in the French capital.
It was not her thoughts on the protests that drew controversy, instead it was the headscarf she was wearing while being filmed.
Since the interview, she has been criticised by French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb, who said the appearance was “shocking” and accused Pougetoux of wanting to proselytise her religion.
French Equality Minister Marlene Schiappa also weighed in, calling Pougetoux’s choice of headwear a “manifestation of political Islam”.
The student defended her decision to wear the scarf in an interview with Buzzfeed, in which she said her headscarf had “no political function” and that her religion did not impact her ability to perform her duties as the union president.
“When I defend students, I do not ask myself about their skin colour, their sexual orientation, their philosophy of life,” she told the news outlet.
History of controversies
The coverage has sparked intense debate in France, which has in the past decade and half witnessed several major controversies over what Muslim women wear.
In 2004, legislators passed a law banning the display of religious symbols in schools, which included the headscarf. University student, however, are still allowed to wear headscarves.
In 2010, the country introduced a ban on the face covering worn by a small minority of Muslim women, known as the niqab.
Later in 2016, an image of French police officers in southern France asking a Muslim woman to remove a burkini swimsuit, which covers much of the body and hair went viral.
The officials were acting to enforce a locally implemented ban on the dress but also ended up targeting women who were deemed to be covering excessively.
France’s highest administrative court struck down the bans, declaring them a violation of “fundamental liberties”.
Advocates of restrictions on Muslim religious clothing say they are ensuring the separation of religious and public life or the French brand of secularism, which is known as Laicite.
However, Muslim civil liberties activists say the attitude is influenced by prejudice towards Muslims and other communities.
“Mariam Pougetoux has again showed that France has a deep problem with its own minorities and an even bigger one if they dare to speak in public,” said activist Yasser Louati.
“Thanks to this controversy, the whole country forgot why she spoke in the first place and the mobilised the students she represented,” he added.
He went on to say the controversy would not be the last to involve the headscarf.