Updated at 6:35 a.m. ET Tuesday
Following a historic summit in Singapore, President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un signed a broad statement Tuesday that calls for a “firm and unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.”
While the brief statement touched on a range of topics, it was short on details. At a lengthy news conference after the summit, Trump was asked about North Korea’s willingness to give up its nuclear weapons program.
“We’re starting that process very quickly — very, very quickly,” the president said, though he declined to give a timeline and acknowledged that it can take a long time to dismantle a nuclear program.
In a surprise announcement, Trump said the U.S. military would halt joint U.S. military exercises with South Korea, a practice that has long antagonized the North.
“We will be stopping the war games, which will save us a tremendous amount of money,” Trump said. “Plus I think it is very provocative.”
Trump’s comments appeared seemed to catch South Korea off-guard. A statement issued by the office of South Korean President Moon Jae-in said, “At this moment, we need to figure out President Trump’s accurate meaning and intention.”
The military exercises have taken place regularly for many years and are a cornerstone of the U.S.-South Korea security relationship. However, they have been suspended or delayed occasionally, as they were during the Winter Olympics in South Korea earlier this year.
ZOOM IN ON THE TEXT: “President Trump committed to provide security guarantees to the DPRK, and Chairman Kim Jong Un reaffirmed his firm and unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.” pic.twitter.com/vXBeIMP81i
— Conor Finnegan (@cjf39) June 12, 2018
The Trump-Kim agreement said the U.S. and North Korea would “join efforts to build a lasting and stable peace regime on the Korean peninsula,” and commit to recovering the remains of soldiers from the 1950-53 Korean War.
More than 7,000 U.S. troops from that war remain unaccounted for.
Trump was asked about the death of U.S. student Otto Warmbier, who was released in a coma last year after being held for more than a year by North Korea, but died soon after his return to the U.S.
“I think without Otto this would not have happened,” Trump said in reference to the summit, the first ever meeting between a sitting U.S. president and a North Korean leader. “It was a terrible thing, it was brutal. But a lot of people started to focus on what was going on, including North Korea. I really think Otto is someone who did not die in vain.”
On the most important issue — North Korea’s nuclear program — it wasn’t immediately clear whether Tuesday’s statement went much beyond diplomatic platitudes or the multiple previous agreements North Korea has signed in the past. Nor is it clear the two sides have a common definition of exactly what “denuclearization” entails.
The joint statement did call for “follow-on negotiations” to be led by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and top North Korean officials. Pompeo heads to South Korea on Wednesday to meet counterparts from South Korea and Japan.
“People are going to be very impressed, people are going to be very happy and we’re going to deal with a very big and dangerous problem for the world,” the president said as the two signed documents.
“It worked out for both of us better than any of us could have expected. This is going to lead to more and more and more. It’s an honor to be with you, it’s a great honor,” he said to Kim.
The day started with a handshake, as the two leaders entered the staging area from opposite sides. With U.S. and North Korean flags as a backdrop, they shook hands for about 10 seconds and, exchanged greetings and faced the camera for photos.
Following the handshake, the president said, “I feel really great.”
“We’re going to have a great discussion and, I think, tremendous success,” Trump said. “It will be tremendously successful. And it’s my honor. And we will have a terrific terrific relationship, I have no doubt.”
“Well, it was not easy to get here,” Kim said, smiling. Through an interpreter, he said “old prejudices and practices worked as obstacles on our way forward. But we overcame all of them, and we are here today.”
After an approximately 38-minute one-on-one meeting, with only the leaders and their interpreters, the two proceeded to an expanded bilateral meeting with advisers. The U.S. side included Pompeo, National Security Adviser John Bolton, and and the president’s Chief of Staff John Kelly. North Korea’s team included Vice Chairman Kim Yong Chol, Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho and former Foreign Minister Ri Su Yong.
Following the bilateral, the delegations sat down to a lunch of beef ribs and sweet & sour pork. “Getting a good picture everybody?” Trump asked photographers before the two sides took seats. “So we look nice and handsome and thin? Perfect,” he said.
Emerging from the working lunch, the president, with Kim beside him, told reporters that there had been “a lot of progress — really very positive. I think better than anyone could have expected. Top of the line, very good.”
The stakes are high and a genuine breakthrough could rewrite the geopolitical script for the Korean peninsula. Officials — including the president — appeared optimistic, but also cautious about raising expectations of what could be accomplished at a first face-to-face between the two leaders.
Pompeo said Monday the goal remains the complete, verifiable, irreversible denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, a policy laid out under the George W. Bush administration and continued through the Obama administration to this point.
In some instances, past deals struck by previous U.S. administrations with North Korea paused — but failed to roll back — North Korea’s program, which has only grown over the years.
“In light of how many flimsy agreements the United States has made in previous years, this president will ensure that no potential agreement will fail to ultimately address the North Korean threat,” Pompeo told reporters in Singapore on Monday.
North Korea signed onto a goal of “complete denuclearization” of the peninsula in an April 27 declaration with South Korea. Pyongyang has advocated for decades for a peace treaty to formally end the Korean War, rather than the armistice that has been in place for more than 60 years.
North Korea also wants an end to what it considers America’s “hostile policy” and a security guarantee that the U.S. will not seek to remove the regime.
Under Kim Jong Un, the third-generation dictator of the country established in 1948, North Korea has rapidly advanced its nuclear capabilities. Four of the nation’s six nuclear tests have taken place since Kim took power in 2011. Last fall, despite numerous rounds of international sanctions, Pyongyang conducted its farthest-reaching test launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile, which in theory could reach the United States mainland.
Following that test, North Korea declared its state nuclear program was complete. And on Jan. 1, Kim shifted his approach to the outside world: He went from flouting international rules and antagonizing world leaders to a flurry of diplomatic overtures.
In the past two months, he has met twice with South Korean President Moon Jae-in and twice with China’s leader Xi Jinping. He also hosted Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
Myre reported from Washington. Se Eun Gong contributed to this report from Singapore and Scott Neuman contributed from Washington.